The Art and Science of Tree Pruning
The best way to learn how to prune fruit trees is to know first and foremost how fruit trees grow. Your fruit tree is basically made up of two parts.
Most fruit trees that you will see are grafted. Usually, the bottom part is from a tree that bears fruit poorly, while the top part is from a tree that produces good fruit. Experts turn to grafting in order to produce more trees of good quality.
It is important to have a healthy tree in order for pruning to get better results in improved fruit production.
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Oftentimes, if you order by mail, you get a bare rooted tree. The first thing you should do is to trim the its roots. Some trees are planted in pots and need no cutbacks when you transplant them. Cutbacks are necessary if a fruit tree has been dug from its original location.
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Sometimes it helps to prune the top part of the tree and its roots, if you get your tree by mail order. Look for broken or jagged edged roots and cut them off. This helps them heal evenly. All the roots must be on equal level with the surface.
Cutback by a third of its height a fruit tree that has no side branches. A six foot tree should be cut by at least two feet from the top. The cut should be done above the bud, and in a slanted way.
Trim all branches that look withered, dead or broken, or too near the ground. As you have done to the top of the tree, cut all branches that remain by a third of its length. In order for the new branches to spread outward and not inward in the direction of the trunk, make your cuts on an outer bud.
New trees need the special care described above. However, in addition, you also need to remember to soak bare rooted trees for some time in water. The quality of your soil and the right depth of the ground is also worth taking note of.
Extensive pruning will become necessary in later years if you don’t do the little things during the first year. Trimming and snipping buds helps the tree to mature into more productive tree when it becomes mature. Focus on shaping the tree on its first year by pruning its branches and keeping them few. This helps the tree to bear fruit. It is true however that some trees are harder to shape than others.
It takes time to master the art of pruning, but when you master it, your tree will yield more fruit to your satisfaction.